Guide to British Architecture Styles Part 1 – Victorian, Edwardian Baroque Architecture
At Everest, we have a great respect for tradition and history when it comes to design. We believe that every modern modification which is made to a home ought to be in keeping with the current environment. This is why we pay great attention to the history of architecture in Britain.
In this country, we have some truly distinct and wonderful architectural history. Here, we take a look at the Victorian and Edwardian periods of architecture, paying particular attention to their defining features and the surrounding context which led to each style’s development.
Victorian architecture is somewhat unique in that it is at once distinctly British and internationally identifiable. Designs from this period took a great amount of influence from structures in the Middle East and Asia, combining the strong decorative elements of this region’s architecture with the strict symmetry which is prevalent in Palladian architecture.
What have come to be known as the typical example of residential Victorian architecture are the villas which housed the wealthy during this period. Improvements in the country’s transport system allowed those who could afford it to roof their houses with slate. Other defining features included bay and sash windows which combined for a majestic frontage. Decorative brickwork was also a common feature of such villas.
Due to the growth of the rail network during the 19th century, some of the most impressive Victorian architecture which remains standing today can be seen in railway stations whilst other well known examples include Brighton Pier.
Edwardian Baroque architecture
While Edwardian architecture was generally less decorative and ornate than that of the Victorian era, Edwardian Baroque architecture took influence from this decoration. Another key influence was the design work of Sir Christopher Wren. The influence of Wren is particularly noticeable in the design of the Port of Liverpool building which includes the use of domes, as popularised by another of Wren’s creations: St. Paul’s Cathedral in London.
Key features of Edwardian Baroque design include symmetry, attention and exaggeration of decorative elements such as archways or domes, and the inclusion of a central projection – making the silhouette of such buildings very distinguishable.
Architecture from this period took plenty of cues from movements going on across Europe in the preceding years. In particular, the style of architecture takes influence from France, Italy and Holland. Well known buildings include Belfast City Hall, Nottingham Railway Station and Le Meridien Hotel in Piccadilly.
'Guide to British Architecture Styles Part 1 – Victorian, Edwardian Baroque Architecture'